About 9,000 households in Oklahoma would lose food stamp benefits under a policy change proposed by President Donald Trump’s administration.


If the rule takes effect, more than 1.9 million American households containing 3.6 million people would no longer qualify for the program, according to data analysts at Mathematica and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.


That’s roughly 9% of the nearly 21.5 million households receiving food stamps. The nonprofit analysis falls in line with an earlier estimate by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, which estimated a net savings to taxpayers $9.3 billion over five years.


The Trump administration says the change would close a loophole allowing ineligible Americans to receive food stamps. The plan drew harsh criticism this week from many Democrats who say it would hurt the neediest and most vulnerable residents.


The food stamp program is administered by states under federal guidelines. Under current law, states have the option of using broad-based categorical eligibility to allow those receiving welfare, disability, social security and similar benefits to automatically qualify for food stamps.


The proposed change would end benefits for people who receive assistance because of broad-based categorical eligibility.


In Oklahoma, the rule changes would affect an estimated 8,616 households containing 17,840 people. That’s 3.2% of the 271,765 who received benefits in 2016, the most recent year for which data was available to do the analysis.


Among households that would lose eligibility, the average monthly benefit is $260.


Among those to lose benefits would be 999 people with a disability, 12,149 children and 2,144 elderly residents, according to the analysis.


In addition, thousands of children could lose eligibility for the free and reduced-price school lunch program because their enrollment in food stamps qualifies them for lunches.


The public comment period on the proposal closed this week.